A Level Year 1 and AS Complete Companion for AQA

Suggested answers to the ‘Can you?’ questions in the ‘Psychology A Level Year 1 and AS’ book for the 2015 AQA specs are given here.

Often there is no single ‘right’ answer. In some cases ‘e.g.’ has been included in the answer but even where this is not given you may assume that there could be other, perfectly correct answers.

A Level Year 1 and AS answers


27 thoughts on “A Level Year 1 and AS Complete Companion for AQA

  1. Vanessa says:


  2. Mark Crook says:


    Please could you send me the links to the updates for the companions – I can’t seem to locate it either here or on the OUP website.

    Many thanks LOVE your books


  3. Hello Mark

    There were some free spreads available but the link seems to have gone dead, they were on offer two years ago and now all those changes, and a lot more, are in the 3rd editions of the AS and A2 Complete Companions. You could try to contact OUP – Fiona MCCOLLUM

    Glad you like the books!


  4. vick_the_chick says:

    Is there an error on page 24 of the textbook (diagram of MSM)? Should the arrow from STM to LTM be elaborative rehearsal and not maintenance rehearsal?

  5. ClaireB says:

    Thanks for writing in about this – you’re right, the multi-store diagram and reference on pages 24 and 26 of the AS Complete Companion needs an update. Cara and Mike have advised the following:

    • On page 24, the multi-store model diagram will be altered so that the STM loop says ‘rehearsal’ rather than ‘maintenance rehearsal’.
    • The caption will be altered to say:

    The original multi-store model was proposed in the 1960s. In this model information was kept in STM through rehearsal. The more an item is rehearsed, the more likely it is then transferred to LTM. This is called ‘maintenance rehearsal’.
    Subsequent criticism by Craik and Lockhart (see page 26) led this to be changed to ‘elaborative rehearsal’ in an updated version of the model (Raaijmakers and Shiffrin, 2003).

    • On page 26 the subtitle ‘process: Rehearsal versus processing’ will be amended to read ‘Elaborative rehearsal’.

    We’re making these corrections now and will include them in our next reprint of the book. We’ll also make sure the new diagram is posted on this blog very soon!

  6. amani says:

    For the AS exam, do i need to learn all the studies in the textbook? on every page there seems to be around five studies and so would greatly appreciate if you could advise me on which ones to memorise and which i do not need.
    And so is the diagram for the msm definitely not the correct one?
    hope to hear from you soon, thanks

  7. Hello Amani

    We have given you a selection of studies to choose from. You need to know one study very well for every topic (because you could be asked to describe one study of any topic) and then another one or two studies in order to answer an essay question which asks you to describe research related to the topic. You may wish to use further studies for evaluation – but when using a study as evaluation you really only need the findings/conclusions.

    What I have written above applies to ‘studies’ topics such as disruption of attachment and conformity. Where you look at theories (such as the MSM) you would only use studies as evaluation. For an essay you just need 4 or 5 points at a maximum and some of these can be based around a study (focus on the findings/conclusion of the study).

    As regards the MSM diagram – we have amended it on this blog as one of the labels was wrong (the rehearsal loop for STM should be ‘rehearsal’ not ‘maintenance rehearsal’. The latter results in a long term memory). See http://www.oxfordschoolblogs.co.uk/psychcompanion/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/MSM-correction-p24.pdf

  8. amani says:

    thank you very much for your reply.
    Do you think the psychology AS exams will be particularly difficult this year? its so soon ;( !

  9. sara says:

    hello,the topic psychodynamic doesnt contain anything about fixation on the stages like phallic stage and anal stage,why is that?are these requireD?

  10. I think you need to be more specific in your question. The term ‘psychodynamic’ is used in many different contexts within the AS and A2 specification, but never simply as a requirement to describe the many different aspects of Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality, to which you allude here.Therefore, the simple answer to the question I think you are asking is no, reference to the concept of ‘fixation’ is not required in an examination answer to questions set on the AQA (A) psychology specifications.


  11. Matt says:

    Hi 🙂

    Referring to a previous question, despite the fact that ‘fixation’ in the psychodynamic approach to abnormality isn’t required, can we still mention it in an essay or whatever comes up that’s relevant? Would it also be credited? It is mentioned in the book I often use (CGP Complete course for Psychology) but not in this book (complete companion)

    I just really don’t want to redo my notes on this section again 😛

  12. Hi Matt

    I can’t really comment on the context in which this material was used in the CGP text, but the general rule is that if it is appropriate to the topic then it would receive credit. The topic of fixation has, I believe, been associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder, but its meaning is slightly different. Older psychodynamic explanations of fixation and its consequences saw oral fixation as a causal factor in schizophrenia, anal fixation with the development of various neuroses and fixation at the phallic stage was associated with the development of different phobias and hysteria. However, this is a rather dated view so I’m not sure it reflects more contemporary psychodynamic thinking.


  13. sara says:

    thanks alot for your response,needed it before the exam,i asked because it was mention in the official AQA psychology AS level book,another thing,june 2010 AS level unit 2 past paper Question 1, includes something on emotion based approach and prolem focused approach,however i found nothing on that in the book :/…any help?

  14. Hi Sara

    That topic is no longer in the specification. You should revise from the specification. Our latest edition of the Complete Companion is written to the new specification but the same is not true of all other textbooks. To be certain – use the AQA A specification as your guide.


  15. Sara says:

    hello,do we have to know the full names for the stress chemicals?like CRF/HPA,ACTH……if im aiming for A in psychology AS Level?or can i just use abb……will that be penalised?

  16. Lisa says:

    Hi there,

    Are the answers available for the new 4th edition of the A level yr 1 and y2 textbooks of the complete companions? and if so where can i find them?

    Many Thanks,

  17. Libby says:

    Are the suggetsed answers for the Fourt Addition (new specification) Complete Companion avilable yet?

  18. Emily says:

    Will these exam answers be updated to match the 4th Edition textbook at any point in the near future? (or at least are the answers that correspond to the 4th Edition available anywhere online?) Not having the answers readily available for access at home has made independent revision from these questions difficult for some of my students.

  19. Camilla says:

    The answers to the Can You questions will be provided for the Year 1 and Year 2 books, they are not available yet as the authors are still very busy working on the Year 2 book at the moment (as well as our new Minis, Revision and Exam Companion and other projects). They are in the pipeline though and will be made available in the Answer section on the blog.

  20. Camilla says:

    The answers to the Can You questions will be provided for the Year 1 and Year 2 books, they are not available yet as the authors are still very busy working on the Year 2 book at the moment (as well as our new Minis, Revision and Exam Companion and other projects). They are in the pipeline though and will be made available in the Answer section on the blog.

  21. Debra says:

    Where is the answers for the fourth edition book because I am using it to revise and exam on Monday so… yh

  22. Jermey says:

    Would it be possible to publish fourth addition answers? Thanks

  23. Lisa says:

    Hello are the answers for the end of topic questions in the AS fourth edition textbook available anywhere because I don’t know if I’m doing it correct or not
    Thank you!

  24. Amy says:

    answers for end of chapter reviews would be useful please

  25. poshea says:

    I have a question about page 133 of Psychology A level year 1. The section is problems for evolutionary explanations of behaviour. How doe the taboo about incest that exists in a society not have a survival or reproductive value? surely the taboo is to ensure this?

  26. Ellen stevens says:

    Are there answers available for the end of chapter review questions?

  27. ClaireB says:

    Hi Ellen, not yet, I’m afraid. We are looking into providing them as part of our digital offering on Kerboodle.

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